robert e howard biography
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His biography, Blood and Thunder: The Life and Art of Robert E. Howard, was nominated for a World Fantasy award in 2007. I generally did.  This was followed by another abortive attempt at a novel, this time a Conan novel which later became Drums of Tombalku. This saw the printing of new collections of Howard's work, with the restored texts desired by purists. She first met Howard in spring 1933 when Howard was visiting Smith after driving his mother to a Brownwood clinic. The Howard family had problems with money which may have been exacerbated by Isaac Howard investing in get-rich-quick schemes. It was in this publication that Howard's stories were first printed.  He began to write, although never finished, a Conan story called "Wolves Beyond the Border".  At the time, boxing was the most popular sport in the country, with a cultural influence far in excess of what it is today. Although the character swears by the god "Crom", that is his only link to the more famous successor character. Other articles where Robert E. Howard is discussed: Conan the Barbarian: …was created by American writer Robert E. Howard and first appeared in short stories published in Weird Tales magazine in the early 1930s. The confusion surrounding his date of birth arises from Howard celebrating January 22 as his birthday (this was the date he submitted to Who’s Who Among North American Authors ), while his record of birth in Parker County reads January 24. However, he was not what she expected. The first major, book-size biography of Robert E. Howard was L. Sprague de Camp’s Dark Valley Destiny. Robert E Howard Robert E Howard is the author of books such as Conan.  It was in Brownwood that he first met friends his own age who shared his interest not only for sports and history but also writing and poetry. Mini Bio (1) Robert E. Howard created Conan the Barbarian in a series of short stories and novels in the 1930's. , Howard first bought a pulp magazine, a copy of Adventure, when he was fifteen. However, all but two were rejected, convincing Howard not to continue the series. He traveled through the southern part of the state with his main occupation being, in his own words, "the wholesale consumption of tortillas, enchiladas and cheap Spanish wine." He became responsible for the non-Conan works and later restored, textually-pure versions of the Conan stories themselves. , In March 1928, Howard salvaged and re-submitted to Weird Tales a story rejected by the more popular pulp Argosy, and the result was "Red Shadows", the first of many stories featuring the vengeful Puritan swashbuckler Solomon Kane. Howard's suicide and the circumstances surrounding it have led to speculation about his mental health. Howard submitted a batch of his best available stories, including "The Tower of the Elephant" and "The Scarlet Citadel", on June 15. As a child, he lived in at least nine towns across Texas until his father settled at Cross Plains in 1919.  One by one he discovered the authors who would influence his later work: Jack London and his stories of reincarnation and past lives, most notably The Star Rover (1915); Rudyard Kipling's tales of subcontinent adventures; the classic mythological tales collected by Thomas Bulfinch. Both this revision and the next Conan story, "The Tower of the Elephant", sold with no problems. Weird Tales became a bimonthly publication and pulps such as Fight Stories, Action Stories and Strange Tales all folded. , Howard's "Celtic phase" began in 1930, during which he became fascinated by Celtic themes and his own Irish ancestry.  He was already poorly disposed towards oil booms as they were the cause of the constant traveling in his early years but this was aggravated by what he perceived to be the effect oil booms had on towns. The author therefore stopped writing weird fiction and turned his attentions to this steadily growing passion. Robert E. Howard - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedi He would also employ some racial stereotypes, possibly for the sake of simplification. , Howard influenced and inspired later writers including Samuel R. Delany, David Gemmell, Michael Moorcock, Matthew Woodring Stover, Charles R. Saunders, Karl Edward Wagner, Paul Kearney, Steven Erikson, Joe R. Lansdale, and William King. Pollux." Howard supplemented this with two sketched maps and an additional short piece entitled "Notes on Various Peoples of the Hyborian Age. His fiction was carried in pulp magazines of the time such as Weird Tales, and H.P. That first picture persists—a powerful, solid, round-faced fellow, kindly and somewhat stolid seeming. At twenty-three years of age, from the middle of nowhere in Texas, he had become a full-time writer; he was making good money and his father began bragging about his success, not to mention buying multiple copies of his work in the pulps. Howard remains a highly read author, with his best works still reprinted, and is one of the best-selling fantasy writers of all time. Howard wrote to his friends and associates defending the achievements and capabilities of women. He listened to tales told by family members growing up and, as an adult, collected stories from any older people willing to tell them. In "Wings in the Night", for instance, Howard writes that: The ancient empires fall, the dark-skinned peoples fade and even the demons of antiquity gasp their last, but over all stands the Aryan barbarian, white-skinned, cold-eyed, dominant, the supreme fighting man of the earth. Biography in: "American National Biography". Robert Ervin Howard (January 22, 1906 – June 11, 1936) was an American author who wrote pulp fiction in a diverse range of genres. To remedy this, he took a job writing oil news for the local newspaper Cross Plains Review at $5 per column.  E. Hoffmann Price wrote that when he first met Howard in 1934 he "was busy trying to combine two images, that of the actual man, and that of the man who loomed up in those stirring yarns. Price was an ex-girlfriend of Tevis Clyde Smith, one of Howard's best friends, whom she had known since high school and they had remained friends after their relationship ended. His Conan stories began featuring western elements, most notably in "Beyond the Black River", "The Black Stranger", and the unfinished "Wolves Beyond the Border". Although he told acquaintances that he had little hope for this novel, he had put a lot of effort into it.  When Howard died, Weird Tales still owed him between $800 and $1,300. Allison is a disabled Texan who begins to recall his past lives, the first of which is in the later part of Howard's new Hyborian age. , When Farnsworth Wright started a new pulp in 1930 called Oriental Stories, Howard was overjoyed—here was a venue where he could run riot through favorite themes of history and battle and exotic mysticism.  His next story was based on his unfinished material and became "Beyond the Black River" which not only used the different American-frontier setting but was also, in Howard's own words, a "Conan yarn without sex interest." , Howard had originally used the name "Conan" for a Gael reaver in a past-life-themed story he completed in October 1931, which was published in the magazine Strange Tales in June 1932. , In August 1926, Howard quit his exhausting job at the drug store and, in September, returned to Brownwood to complete his bookkeeping course. He rewrote it again in August and submitted it to Weird Tales in September. Robert Ervin Howard (January 22, 1906 – June 11, 1936) was an American author who wrote pulp fiction in a diverse range of genres. Her doctor, a friend of Howard's father, advised her to end the relationship and get a job in a different state. The success of Conan the Conqueror led to a series of Conan books from publisher Gnome Press, the later editor of which was L. Sprague de Camp. It wasn't the work I minded; I had no trouble learning the tripe they dished out in the way of lessons - except arithmetic, and I might have learned that if I'd gone to the trouble of studying it. It was long on posthumous armchair psychoanalysis and short on some other things. ", This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 07:56. July 1929 saw the debut of Sailor Steve Costigan in the pages of Fight Stories. Howard had written nine Conan stories before the first saw print. Most of his work appeared in the cheapest of them. | , The character of Conan had a wide and enduring influence among other Weird Tales writers, including C. L. Moore and Fritz Leiber, and over the ensuing decades the genre of sword and sorcery grew up around Howard's masterwork, with dozens of practitioners evoking Howard's creation to one degree or another. Action Stories published a new Elkins story every issue without fail until well after Howard's death. Although a Conan novel was nearly published in 1934, Howard's stories were never collected during his lifetime. Kull of Atlantis or Kull the Conqueror is a fictional character created by writer Robert E. Howard.The character was more introspective than Howard's subsequent creation, Conan the Barbarian, whose first appearance was in a re-write of a rejected Kull story. Steve Costigan was the name Howard used for himself in his semi-autobiography. 1929 was the year Howard broke out into other pulp markets, rather than just Weird Tales. It was later printed in Weird Tales as a serial over five months, beginning with the December 1935 issue.  Sports, especially boxing, became a passionate preoccupation. However, he removed an entire subplot concerning a couple's romance and created a new one with a supernatural element; the story was re-titled "The Phoenix on the Sword", an element from this new subplot. In 2007 and 2008, The Robert E. Howard Foundation Press published a three volume set (1923–1929, 1930–1932, and 1933–1936) titled The Collected Letters of Robert E. Howard, edited by Rob Roehm.  Firsthand tales of gunfights, lynchings, feuds, and Indian raids developed his distinctly Texan, hardboiled outlook on the world. , With solid markets now all buying up his stories regularly, Howard quit taking college classes, and indeed would never again work a regular job.  Howard was further hit when his savings were wiped out in 1931 when the Farmer's National Bank failed, and again, after transferring to another bank, when that one failed as well. Howard wrote ten stories for this series but Sport Story only published three of them. On June 14, 1936 a double funeral service was held at Cross Plains First Baptist Church, and both were buried in Greenleaf Cemetery in Brownwood, Texas. Turlogh Dubh O'Brien and Cormac Mac Art were created at this time, although he was not able to sell the latter's stories. [clarification needed], Early 1932 saw Howard taking one of his frequent trips around Texas. His fiction was carried in pulp magazines of the time such as Weird Tales, and H.P. [nb 8], Howard was given the affectionate nickname "Two-Gun Bob" by virtue of his long explications to Lovecraft about the history of his beloved Southwest, and during the ensuing years he contributed several notable elements to Lovecraft's Cthulhu Mythos of horror stories (beginning with "The Black Stone", his Mythos stories also included "The Cairn on the Headland", "The Children of the Night" and "The Fire of Asshurbanipal"). The suggested novel, however, could be published by Pawling and Ness Ltd in a first edition of 5,000 copies for lending libraries. In terms of physical health, Howard had a weak heart, which he treated by taking Digoxin. Complete Robert E. Howard 2017 Biography. Robert E. Howard kirjoitti 12 vuoden mittaisen uransa aikana yhteensä yli 300 tarinaa, 700 runoa, useita romaanimittaisia tekstejä sekä lukemattomia kirjeitä, artikkeleita, esseitä ja muita kirjoituksia. When she told him no, he walked out to his car in the driveway, took the pistol from the glove box, and shot himself in the head. Kline's agency was successful in finding outlets for more of Howard's stories and even placed works that had been rejected when Howard was marketing himself alone. , Now that his career in fiction had begun, Howard dropped out of Howard Payne College at the end of the semester and returned to Cross Plains.  Howard only wrote one more Conan story, "Red Nails," which was influenced both by his personal experiences at the time and an extrapolation of his views on civilization. At his best, Howard was the Thomas Wolfe of fantasy, and most of his Conan tales seem to almost fall over themselves in their need to get out. The works of Robert E. Howard have been adapted into multiple media, such as the two Conan films released in the 1980s starring Arnold Schwarzenegger. With Conan and his other heroes, Howard helped fashion the genre now known as sword and sorcery, spawning many imitators and giving him a large influence in the fantasy field. The two most important of these, Tevis Clyde Smith and Truett Vinson, shared his Bohemian and literary outlook on life, and together they wrote amateur papers and magazines, exchanged long letters filled with poetry and existential thoughts on life and philosophy, and encouraged each other's writing endeavors.  He was also of the belief that, no matter who won the subsequent conflicts, it would only ever be a temporary victory. ", Lovecraft scholar S. T. Joshi wrote, in his biography H. P. Lovecraft: A Life, that "The bulk of Howard's fiction is subliterary hackwork that does not even begin to approach genuine literature" and "The simple fact is, however, that his views are not of any great substance or profundity and that Howard's style is crude, slip-shod, and unwieldy. This is contrasted with the fantastic elements contained within the stories. It is possible that Breckinridge Elkins and the other characters in his stories were too close to home for Howard to be entirely comfortable discussing them. Even during his life, others in Cross Plains thought of him as crazy or odd. , Howard probably began to work on the novel in February 1934, starting to write Almuric (a non-Conan, sword and planet science fiction novel) but abandoned it half way. His articles, essays, and introductions about Robert E. Howard and his works have appeared in publications for the Robert E. Howard Foundation, Dark Horse Comics, Boom! , The first of Howard's most commercially successful series (within his own lifetime) was started in July 1933. The boom brought civilization in the form of people and investment but also social breakdown.  Stories, such as "Iron Shadows in the Moon", were often simply Conan rescuing a damsel in distress from a monster in some ruins. In his best work, Howard's writing seems so highly charged with energy that it nearly gives off sparks.  In Wizardry & Wild Romance, Moorcock has also written both that Howard "brought a brash, tough element to the epic fantasy that did as much to change the course of the American school away from previous writing and static imagery as Hammett, Chandler and the Black Mask pulp writers were to change the course of the American detective fiction" and that he "was never a commercially successful writer in his lifetime. ", The following table shows Howard's earnings from writing throughout his career, with appropriate milestones and events noted by each year. Több műfajban is alkotott, de legismertebbek a heroikus fantasy írásai. However his main interests were sports and politics, and he would listen to match reports and election results as they came in..  This was followed by another experimental Conan story, "The Black Stranger", with a similar setting. Having suffered from tuberculosis for decades, his mother was finally nearing death. The Conan stories were increasingly edited by de Camp and the series was extended by pastiches until they replaced the original stories. Robert E Howard is a fascinating, almost Hemingway-like writer, from the days "when men were men", when racks were stuffed with dozens of "Pulp" titles (so called because they use cheap "pulp" paper, however, it became a literary genre all by itself, a subcategory of mysteries, Science fiction and of course- fantasy). , He tried writing detective fiction but hated reading mystery stories and disliked writing them; he was not successful in this genre. Both considered marriage but never at the same time. In the weeks before his suicide, Howard wrote to Kline giving his agent instructions of what to do in case of his death, he wrote his last will and testament, and he borrowed a .380 Colt Automatic from his friend Lindsey Tyson. In 1966, de Camp made a deal with Lancer Books to republish the Conan series, which led to the "First Howard Boom" of the 1970s; their popularity was enhanced by the cover artwork of Frank Frazetta on most of the volumes. Supplement 1, pp. Although he loved reading and learning, he found school to be confining and began to hate having anyone in authority over him. Official Sites. Howard was born and raised in Texas. Robert Lewis Howard (July 11, 1939 – December 23, 2009) was a highly decorated United States Army Special Forces officer and Medal of Honor recipient of the Vietnam War.. However, the research necessary for a purely historical setting was too time-consuming for him to engage in on a regular basis and still earn a living. Maintained a friendly correspondence with. Howard is an ongoing inspiration for and influence on heavy metal music. Howard continued to sell directly to Weird Tales, however. Robert E Howard is a fascinating, almost Hemingway-like writer, from the days "when men were men", when racks were stuffed with dozens of "Pulp" titles (so called because they use cheap "pulp" paper, however, it became a literary genre all by itself, a subcategory of mysteries, Science fiction and of course- … , In 1919, when Howard was thirteen, Dr. Howard moved his family to the Central Texas hamlet of Cross Plains, and there the family would stay for the rest of Howard's life. The Baums eventually sold their rights to the Swedish (now US) company Paradox Entertainment. Later works include more sympathetic black characters, as well as other minority groups, such as Jews. The bulk of the adaptations have, however, been based on Conan with two animated and one live action series. , Further story sales to Weird Tales were sporadic but encouraging, and soon Howard was a regular in the magazine.  A tough-as-nails, two-fisted mariner with a head of rocks and occasionally a heart of gold, Costigan began boxing his way through a variety of exotic seaports and adventure locales, becoming so popular in Fight Stories that the same editors began using additional Costigan episodes in their sister magazine Action Stories. In the late 1990s and early 21st century, the "Second Howard Boom" occurred. , —Robert E. Howard, letter to Tevis Clyde Smith, circa February 20, 1928, The oil boom in Texas was "one of the most powerful influences on [Howard's] life and art", albeit one that he hated.  Experiences watching and confronting bullies revealed the omnipresence of evil and enemies in the world, and taught him the value of physical strength and violence. CHURCH NEWS But the ancient hero story was a glorification of significant elements in the culture that produced it. " Howard scholar Rob Roehm considers the use of the phrase "can't ever be taught" to be a variation on the recurrent theme of Howard's lack of skill or training. Combined, this often led to Howard embellishing facts in his communication, not with an intention to deceive but just to make a better story. into his first Conan story. Kline encouraged him to try writing in other genres in order to expand into different markets. The December 1922 issue featured two stories, "'Golden Hope Christmas" and "West is West," which won gold and silver prizes respectively. The story was briefly held as part of the company's assets before being returned to Howard. , Due to his success in Fight Stories, Howard was contacted by the publisher Street & Smith in February 1931 with a request to move the Steve Costigan stories to their own pulp Sport Story Magazine. ", In a letter dated March 10, 1932, Farnsworth Wright rejected "The Frost-Giant's Daughter" but noted that "The Phoenix on the Sword" had "points of real excellence" and suggested changes. Untitled works and fragments (incomplete and unfinished works) are listed separately by their opening line. She instilled in her son a deep love of poetry and literature, recited verse daily and supported him unceasingly in his efforts to write.. His brash, hasty, careless style did not lend itself to the classier pulps. Howard, however, was too preoccupied with the state of his mother's health to give her the attention she wanted.  She had a particularly strong influence on her son's intellectual growth. Robert E. Howard created Conan the Barbarian in a series of short stories and novels in the 1930's. Lord began as a fan of Howard and had re-discovered many unpublished pieces that would otherwise have been lost, printing them in books such as Always Comes Evening (1957) and his own magazine The Howard Collector (1961–1973). Howard immediately went on to write two more Conan stories. He did manual labor for a surveyor for a time before beginning a job as a stenographer for an oil company. This was useful years later when she wrote of their relationship in a book called One Who Walked Alone, which was the basis for the 1996 film The Whole Wide World starring Vincent D'Onofrio as Howard and Renée Zellweger as Price. This was the first Conan tale to have an explicit (Robert W. Chambers-influenced) American setting, although American themes had appeared earlier, and the only one in which Conan himself does not appear. 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