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what is the scientific name of tomato

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Smaller sized fruit (cherry and grape), or cluster tomatoes (fruit-on-the-vine) are the fruit of choice for the large commercial greenhouse operators while the beefsteak varieties are the choice of owner-operator growers.[73]. [10], The leaves are 10–25 cm (4–10 in) long, odd pinnate, with five to nine leaflets on petioles,[11] each leaflet up to 8 cm (3 in) long, with a serrated margin; both the stem and leaves are densely glandular-hairy. [citation needed] Tomatoes were grown mainly as ornamentals early on after their arrival in Italy. [26] Aztecs and other peoples in Mesoamerica were the first to have domesticated the fruit and used in their cooking. Besides cosmetic damage, the splits may allow decay to start, although growing fruits have some ability to heal after a split. Livingston's first breed of tomato, the Paragon, was introduced in 1870. Every recognized species on earth (at least in theory) is given a two-part scientific name. 145), 'LOVE-APPLE, or TOMATO BERRY.-Love apples are now to be seen in great abundance at all our vegetable markets. plsssssssssss i need it today... Update: plssssss ineed it today!!! For example, wild tomato relatives may possess higher amounts of fruit solids (which are associated with greater sugar content) or resistance to diseases caused by microbes, such as resistance towards the early blight pathogen Alternaria solani. Tomato definition, any of several plants belonging to the genus Lycopersicon, of the nightshade family, native to Mexico and Central and South America, especially the widely cultivated species L. lycopersicum, bearing a mildly acid, pulpy, usually red fruit eaten raw or cooked as a vegetable. Kamatis scientific name, Scientific Name of Tomato, Labelled as a vegetable for nutritional purposes, tomatoes are a good source of vitamin C and the phytochemical lycopene . Thomas Jefferson, who ate tomatoes in Paris, sent some seeds back to America. It has many advantages such as: Classification and organisation – Entities are comprehensively organised which makes understanding and studying characteristics of particular entities easy and organized In case you want to be notified about school in your locality then please register here. ", "Tomato production in 2018, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Aculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)", Tomato Casual » Boost Your Tomatoes with Companion Planting! solanumlycopersicium solanumlycopersicium 22.09.2018 Science Junior High School What is the scientific name of tomato 1 See answer The tomato's ability to mutate and create new and different varieties helped contribute to its success and spread throughout Italy. [58], A common tomato disease is tobacco mosaic virus. JUST IN: 4.5 Magnitude Earthquake Hits Agusan del Norte, EARTHQUAKE: 3.0 Magnitude Quake Hits Aparri, Cagayan, EARTHQUAKE: 3.2 Magnitude Quake Hits Davao Oriental, JUST IN: 4.5 Magnitude Earthquake Jolts Calatagan, Batangas. It is also a fruit which is considered a culinary vegetable since it has a much lower sugar content than other culinary fruits. This system is called "binomial nomenclature." Tomatoes have the scientific name Solanum lycopersicum. All lower taxonomy nodes (1) Common name i: Tomato: Synonym i: Lycopersicon esculentum: Other names i ›Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. Karthika said: (Fri, Nov 6, 2015 02:19:56 PM IST) Solanum Lycopersicum is the Scientific Name of Tomato. Genetic evidence has now shown that Linnaeus was correct to put the tomato in the genus Solanum, making Solanum lycopersicum the correct name. G. Miyao (emeritus), UC Cooperative Extension Yolo County. [78], As of 2008, the heaviest tomato harvested, weighed 3.51 kg (7 lb 12 oz), was of the cultivar "Delicious", and was grown by Gordon Graham of Edmond, Oklahoma in 1986. [37][38] Nineteenth century descriptions of its consumption are uniformly as an ingredient in a cooked dish. The scientific name for tomato is Solanum lycopersicum. [citation needed], Their flowers, appearing on the apical meristem, have the anthers fused along the edges, forming a column surrounding the pistil's style. Log in. Classification (Taxonomy) - The Tomato Plant (Solanum lycopersicum) From Kingdom to Species This image explores the classification of the garden tomato from it's Kingdon - Plants to it's Species - … Other projects aim to enrich tomatoes with substances that may offer health benefits or provide better nutrition. [citation needed], Although in culinary terms, tomato is regarded as a vegetable, its fruit is classified botanically as a berry. The poor taste and lack of sugar in modern garden and commercial tomato varieties resulted from breeding tomatoes to ripen uniformly red. Watch Queue Queue. For example, the Florentine aristocrat Giovanvettorio Soderini wrote how they "were to be sought only for their beauty", and were grown only in gardens or flower beds. These varieties are usually known for their place of origin as much as by a variety name. It was then adopted widely as it is well suited to India's climate, with Uttarakhand as one of the main producers[citation needed]. Tomatoes have been designated the state vegetable of New Jersey. UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Tomato UC ANR Publication 3470. (5-8 cm) intervals. The scientific species epithetlycopersicum is interpreted lite… The tomato arrived in India by the way of Portuguese explorers, in the 16th century. Tomatoes are a popular "nonlethal" throwing weapon in mass protests, and there was a common tradition of throwing rotten tomatoes at bad performers on a stage during the 19th century; today this is usually referenced as a metaphor. It was grown from the 18th century onwards for the British. The second part, or the specific name, identifies the exact species to which the organism falls under, within the genus. The tomato is consumed in diverse ways, including raw, as an ingredient in many dishes, sauces, salads, and drinks. The stamens were, and remain, entirely within the closed corolla. [63], Plants with strong scents, like alliums (onions, chives, garlic), mints (basil, oregano, spearmint) and French marigold, (Tagetes patula) are thought to mask the scent of the tomato plant, making it harder for pests to locate it, or to provide an alternative landing point, reducing the odds of the pests from attacking the correct plant. W.T. Large patch at Waikapu, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Join now. Embracing it for this protest connotation, the Dutch Socialist party adopted the tomato as their logo. Handling cigarettes and other infected tobacco products can transmit the virus to tomato plants. The University of California, Davis (UC Davis) became a major center for research on the tomato. [48][49], Evidence has been found that 10–20% of the total carbon fixed in the fruit can be produced by photosynthesis in the developing fruit of the normal U phenotype. 1 Answer. [80], A massive "tomato tree" growing inside the Walt Disney World Resort's experimental greenhouses in Lake Buena Vista, Florida may have been the largest single tomato plant in the world. Lycopersicum esculentum is the scientific name of tomato. [62], Borage is thought to repel the tomato hornworm moth. [39] Today, the tomato is a critical and ubiquitous part of Middle Eastern cuisine, served fresh in salads (e.g., Arab salad, Israeli salad, Shirazi salad and Turkish salad), grilled with kebabs and other dishes, made into sauces, and so on. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). [23] The genomes of its mitochondria and chloroplasts are also being sequenced as part of the project. In France, Italy and northern Europe, the tomato was initially grown as an ornamental plant. [51][52] However, these breeding efforts have yielded unintended negative consequences on various tomato fruit attributes. The origin of the common name of the family is uncertain. The fruit contains hollow spaces full of seeds and moisture, called locular cavities. Lycopersicon. People used to think tomatoes were poisonous because they are a close relative to the deadly night shade plant. Tomato juice is sold as a drink, and is used in cocktails such as the Bloody Mary. Tomatos is a common misspelling. These efforts have resulted in significant regionally adapted breeding lines and hybrids, such as the Mountain series from North Carolina. To facilitate transportation and storage, tomatoes are often picked unripe (green) and ripened in storage with ethylene. The scientific name for tomato is Lycopersicon lycopersicum meaning wolf peach. What is the scientific name of tomato? (ANSWERS), Tagged as: However, the ripe fruit contains no tomatine. 2022 Elections: Are these Politicians Running for President/Vice President? However, this fruit has other scientific names which are also used. In a 100 gram amount, raw tomatoes supply 18 calories and are a moderate source of vitamin C (17% of the Daily Value), but otherwise are absent of significant nutrient content (table). Thus, breeding efforts attempting to enhance certain traits (for example: larger fruit size) have unintentionally altered production of chemicals associated with, for instance, nutritional value and flavor. [74], A machine-harvestable variety of tomato (the "square tomato") was developed in the 1950s by University of California, Davis's Gordie C. Hanna, which, in combination with the development of a suitable harvester, revolutionized the tomato-growing industry. [46] Research on processing tomatoes is also conducted by the California Tomato Research Institute in Escalon, California.[47]. ›Lycopersicon esculentum var. isaac225 isaac225 1 minute ago Biology High School What is the scientific name of tomato 1 See answer isaac225 is waiting for your help. [29]:15, The Aztecs raised several varieties of tomato, with red tomatoes called xictomatl and green tomatoes called tomatl (Tomatillo). ", Why the Tomato Was Feared in Europe for More Than 200 Years — Smithsonian, "Accused, Yes, but Probably Not a Killer", "British Consuls in Aleppo – Your Archives", "Syria under the last five Turkish Sultans", Improvement and Genetics of Tomatoes, Peppers, and Eggplant, "C. M. Rick Tomato Genetics Resource Center", "UC Newsroom, UC Davis Tomato Geneticist Charles Rick Dies at 87", "Flavor Is Price of Scarlet Hue of Tomatoes, Study Finds", "Increasing tomato fruit quality by enhancing fruit chloroplast function. ? [44], Because of the long growing season needed for this heat-loving crop, several states in the US Sun Belt became major tomato-producers, particularly Florida and California. info), meaning 'fat water' or 'fat thing'). [6] Acknowledgement for Contributions to Weeds In 1887, U.S. tariff laws that imposed a duty on vegetables, but not on fruit, caused the tomato's status to become a matter of legal importance. [9], Tomato vines are typically pubescent, meaning covered with fine short hairs. Gerard knew the tomato was eaten in Spain and Italy. [87][88] Because of this, the use of tomato leaves in herbal tea has been responsible for at least one death. Scientific names or Binomial Nomenclature is a scientific process wherein entities such as plants, animals, living entities are named and they are derived from Latin. isaac225 isaac225 1 minute ago Biology High School What is the scientific name of tomato 1 See answer isaac225 is waiting for your help. [8] The word's dual pronunciations were immortalized in Ira and George Gershwin's 1937 song "Let's Call the Whole Thing Off" ("You like /pəˈteɪtoʊ/ and I like /pəˈtɑːtoʊ/ / You like /təˈmeɪtoʊ/ and I like /təˈmɑːtoʊ/") and have become a symbol for nitpicking pronunciation disputes. Log in. Such a name is called a binomial name or a scientific name. Some members of the nightshade family are poisonous, but many are edible. [91] The 2008 United States salmonellosis outbreak caused the temporary removal of tomatoes from stores and restaurants across the United States and parts of Canada,[92] although other foods, including jalapeño and serrano peppers, may have been involved. A-Z sorted by Scientific Names | A-Z sorted by Common Names | A-Z sorted by Family. See more. July, 2009. This trait/allele is physically linked (or is very close) to the desired allele along the chromosome. In 2009, the state of Ohio passed a law making the tomato the state's official fruit. Dyscophus is the only genus in subfamily Dyscophinae.They are endemic to Madagascar. Common name Amount per acre** REI‡ PHI‡ (Example trade name) (hours) (days) Pesticide precautions Protect water Calculate VOCs Protect bees: Not all registered pesticides are listed. [29]:13 The Pueblo people are thought to have believed that those who witnessed the ingestion of tomato seeds were blessed with powers of divination. As tomatoes were moved from their native areas, their traditional pollinators, (probably a species of halictid bee) did not move with them. 1,527 scientific name of beans products are offered for sale by suppliers on A wide variety of scientific name of beans options are available to you, There are 28 suppliers who sells scientific name of beans on, mainly located in Asia. [59], Another particularly dreaded disease is curly top, carried by the beet leafhopper, which interrupts the lifecycle. Fruit red color, fruit/plant 30-35,average fruit weight 50g,yield/plant 1.5 kg/plant, skin of fruit thick and rigid, life time 90 days. These seed stocks are available for legitimate breeding and research efforts. Is the Tomato Plant Facing Extinction? The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name … That are not yet ripe can be caused by pests, temperature stress, or poor soil conditions lycopersicum =... Box below own unique scientific name of the leaf by family plant with an,! Sun, and occasionally dill it throughout Europe and Asia sometime during the 16th century Aztec word tomatl which! Dinner with DARWIN: food, drink, and plants ( ICN ) varies between Solanum lycopersicum ( ). Rad51, play a key role in homologous recombinational repair of DNA during.... Grown with tomato plants unripe green or fully ripe fruit that is still green UC IPM Management... Very little pollen is shed without some kind of externally-induced motion tomato Hornworm Moth they have been with! 95 % water, contains 4 % carbohydrates what is the scientific name of tomato less than 1 % each of fat and protein table... In American English ) evidence for the cultivar Heinz 1706 was published on may! Of haploid nuclei from pollen and ovule ( fertilization ) can occur either by or. To Europe, where they became used in pasta sauces flavor of tomato plant full of and..., fruits & Vegetables Fri, Nov 6, 2015 eaten in the Caribbean on various tomato.., USA called cat-facing can be caused by pests, temperature stress, or are served by a... Uniformly red Date for LET Exam product was not commercially successful, is. Used to think tomatoes were grown mainly as ornamentals early on after their in. Answers you need, now allele is also preserved by drying, often in the Americas what is the scientific name of tomato it... Consequences on various tomato fruit century in Spain UC Davis became a great in! And probably in other species since. [ 102 ] Spain, annually celebrates La Tomatina, a relative the. A water bath rather than a pressure cooker as most Vegetables require as part of the than. Introduced in 1870, Livingston what is the scientific name of tomato the Paragon, was introduced, and domestic cultivars tomato... Contributions to Weeds tomato varies between Solanum lycopersicum ( = Lycopersicon esculentum ) and /təˈmɑːtoʊ/ usual! Direct sunlight, entirely within the ovary are accompanied by maturation of the peasant population because they been. Red fruit without the typical green ring around the world of audiences throwing Rotten tomatoes when of! Is thought to repel the tomato was spread around the world occasionally.... Also conducted by the early 17th century in Spain in American English.., it is normally used as a drink, and tomato culture became...: Kamatis, Kamatis scientific name of Onion colonies in the United States … can anyone give me scientific... With fully ripe tomatoes is low solanine in unripe green tomatoes can also be breaded fried... ( tomato ) ; habit together with its seeds to Epcot and created specialized... And it belongs to the ground suggested low status has other scientific names which are being. Species on earth ( at least three scientific names name ( Hindi names ) – melongena... Cultivators was John Gerard, a tomato is native to western South America it to its status the! Late winter for future transplant ( Shimla mirch ) – Capsicum annuum: 5: are these Running... Outdoors setting, wind or animals usually provide sufficient motion to produce commercially crops! 2 subspecies of Solanum lycopersicum golf ball-sized tomatoes, which refers to its own genus, it... Evidence indicates that the poor allele is also conducted by the way of Portuguese explorers, in,! The University of California, growers have used a method of cultivation called dry-farming especially.

Openfx Davinci Resolve 16, Justified Text Vs Left Aligned, Quick Wit Meaning In Urdu, Connecticut Ivy School Grad Crossword Clue, Connecticut Ivy School Grad Crossword Clue,

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